Last April, Yarmouk University in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan successfully launched a space balloon carrying microbial specimens 32.5 km above sea level. Gravity, in collaboration with KSF Space British Foundation.
Space capsule plane
Al Jazeera Net has been continuing this research work since its inception in a report published last year. According to the research project, some specimens of microorganisms (bacterial strains that do not cause disease in humans) with scientifically defined and genetically modified information were prepared and uploaded to the research project laboratory of the Department of Science biology from the University of Yarmouk. Professor Dr. Hanan Issa Malkawi, project leader and principal investigator, revealed the bacterial species and their genetic composition in a space capsule (by KSF Space Foundation) in a controlled environment.
The space capsule is a compact unit with life support systems, where the microbes are protected from most harsh exposure conditions other than “microgravity”, so that physiological changes in microbes at the cellular or genetic level are largely due to the effect of microgravity.
According to Professor Malkov, the space capsule – which was carrying samples of bacteria and genetic material isolated from those samples – was launched from the UK into space, where it reached an altitude above the atmosphere and the first layer in low orbit.
He pointed out that the capsule returned to Earth a day after its launch and that these biological samples were examined and analyzed in a research laboratory at Yarmouk University immediately after takeoff.
Promotes early results
The preliminary results obtained indicate the ability of these microorganisms to withstand extreme conditions of weightlessness in the space environment, to their growth and reproduction. In-depth and precise analysis of the many steps in the behavior of living bacterial cells and their genetic makeup, which was isolated from them after their launch in the space capsule, as well as their subsequent emergence in space and their return to Earth.
Professor Malkavi and his research team are currently studying these bacterial specimens in the laboratory, conducting physiological studies to determine their growth potential, and analyzing their DNA to determine the types of mutations generated at the genetic level after exposure to zero gravitational conditions. In the space.
Dr Malkawi says – in a statement via social media Al Jazeera Net – “Microbes are an integral part of space travel, often associated with space technology, such as ships and space stations or astronauts’ clothing or modified organic materials , even inside bodies. astronauts. Is called.
The Jordanian scientist, who is a Jordanian scientist, and his research team obtained surprising early results that indicate the ability of microorganisms to withstand the space environment and the ability to survive and thrive after being exposed to harsh environments.
The research team is currently seeking to document and publish all research results in the International Journal of Science after completing a detailed study and reviewing the study results.
The importance of this project
The results of this research should help understand how bodily forces affect microorganisms at the cellular, molecular, and evolutionary levels, which could lead to future studies in other organisms, including plants, animals, and humans.
Commenting on the scientific significance of the project, Professor Malkawi told Al Jazeera Net: “Understanding how these microbes adapt to space conditions will enable members to develop strategies to mitigate the health risks to personnel caused by micro- pathogenic organisms. Immunodeficiency and other problems. Health “.
“Understanding how spatial conditions alter microbial processes in important industrial microorganisms will provide us with insights into how to genetically modify these microorganisms to efficiently produce important beneficial compounds,” he adds.
Malkavi added: “We conduct scientific research to answer a number of questions, including: Are we exploring space with microbes? Do these creatures adapt to harsh space conditions, especially in the absence of gravity, as well as humans? Are these organisms changing? Are they highly malignant and pathogenic during the operation? “Finally, do these adaptations or genetically modified organisms have any practical benefits for mankind?”
Support application research in space
Professor Hanan Isa Malkawi currently works in life sciences at Yarmouth University and holds a PhD in Microbiology and Molecular Biology and a Masters in Bacteriology and Public Health from Washington State University.
It distinguishes research achievements in biotechnology and nanotechnology and its applications in medicine, environment, agriculture, food and industry, and has more than 70 research published in prestigious international journals and numerous patents.