The Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) has so far distributed 5,543 Kapas Plucker machines worth around Rs. 4 crore to 5543 marginal and small farmers in all cotton-producing states (including ambitious districts) within the framework of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
As CCI is a Nodal government agency. of India under the Ministry of Textiles for undertaking cotton minimum support price (MSP) operations in the event the seed cotton market rate falls below MSP rates to protect cotton producers from selling of distress. Consequently, the Company’s CSR budget remains very limited.
Despite this constraint, the Corporation distributed Kapas Plucker machines to smallholder and marginal farmers in all cotton-producing states. Most of the cotton in India is picked manually, which is a labor intensive operation.
Unlike other large cotton producing countries like USA, Australia etc, fully mechanized harvesting by big machines is not successful in India due to the small landholdings of cotton producers in India, the sowing / picking scheme (3-4 picking) and different climatic conditions. situation in different states.
Therefore, the portable Kapas Plucker machine is one of the options to reduce costs for farmers and a remedy for contamination at the farm level due to manual picking. The Kapas Plucker hand-held machine is a lightweight machine (around 600 grams) which has a pair of rollers inside having small sharp teeth on their outer periphery and is powered by a 12 volt light.
The cotton gets tangled with the rollers and is collected directly into a collection bag attached to it. The design of the machine makes it easy to use in the field and affordable, i.e. at a nominal cost of Rs. 8000 per machine (about.).
Advantages of Kapas plucking machines
Reduce the risk of harm to the health of cotton farmers during manual picking (i.e. risk of insect bite, back pain from standing for long hours, bruises / cuts on the legs and hands, etc.).
Improve cotton harvesting skills, reduce dependence on scarce and expensive labor and make cotton farmers “Aatmanirbhar”
Improve cotton quality by reducing contamination at the farm level.
The financial returns of cotton Farmers can improve by reducing harvesting costs (reduced labor requirements), less waste and contamination, and a premium on the sale of better quality cotton.
Due to the availability of good quality native cotton, the quality of cotton yarns, textiles and value-added products will also increase, which could increase foreign exchange earnings.