The majority of farmers in Jammu and Kashmir are officially recognized as marginal farmers because of the very small land holdings. J & K’s agricultural properties were estimated at 0.55 hectares in the 2015-16 agricultural census, but unofficially they are much smaller (around 0.45 hectares). In the Kashmir Valley, the size is even smaller. In the 2010-2011 agricultural census, the average size of operational land holdings in India was 1.15 hectares. This figure was lower, at 0.62 hectares in Jammu and Kashmir. The districts of the Kashmir Valley had even smaller land holdings than the state as a whole. Kulgam 0.39 hectares Anantnag 0.39, Shopian 0.56, Pulwama 0.48, Srinagar 0.31, Budgam 0.43, Baramulla 0.51, Ganderbal 0.37, Kupwara 0.51, Bandipora 0.48. These numbers fell again in the 2015-16 census. I have written in detail about this in the past.
In the Kashmir Valley, where most farmers own less than an acre of land, any government policy on land acquisition, especially for “development projects”, must also take into account the fragility of the land. mountainous environment and climatic conditions. At a time when agricultural land is shrinking day by day and the population is increasing, what is the future of agriculture in Jammu & Kashmir especially in the Kashmir valley?